Chris Drew (PhD)

Dr. Chris Drew is the founder of the Helpful Professor. He holds a PhD in education and has published over 20 articles in scholarly journals. He is the former editor of the Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education. [Image Descriptor: Photo of Chris]

Piaget vs Vygotsky: Similarities and Differences

Piaget vs Vygotsky 1. Difference: Stages of Development vs. Continuous Development One of the primary differences between Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories lies in their views on how development occurs. Piaget proposed a stage-based theory of development (discontinuous development), where children progress through a series of four distinct, universal stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal […]

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10 Conditioned Response Examples

Conditioned Response Examples 1. Running for Food when a Bell Rings (For Cats and Dogs) Stimulus: BellResponse: Salivation One of the easiest things to teach an animal is that a bell means food. To do this, simply ring a bell every time you give your pet some food. Through repetition, the animal will come to

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25 Humanistic Psychology Examples

Humanistic Psychology Examples 1. Hierarchy of Needs: The Hierarchy of Needs is a motivational theory comprising five levels of human needs, depicted in a pyramid, from basic (physiological) to more complex (self-actualization). Developed by Abraham Maslow, this theory is foundational in humanistic psychology, emphasizing the individual’s journey toward self-actualization. See the image below: 2. Self-Actualization:

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17 Behaviorism Examples

Behaviorism Examples 1. Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning involves teaching a student to associate two stimuli with one another. It does not require rewards and punishments, but rather repetition of an association. This was famously demonstrated by Ivan Pavlov in his Pavlov’s dog experiment, where he taught dogs to salivate in response to the sound of

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25 Positive Psychology Examples

Examples of Positive Psychology 1. Gratitude Journaling Gratitude journaling is a popular positive psychology intervention (Reppold et al., 2015). This practice involves spending a few minutes each day writing about things you are grateful for. The effects are profound: researchers have found it can significantly increase levels of happiness and reduce depressive symptoms (Carr et

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15 Animism Examples

Animism Examples Looking for examples of animism in children? Skip to here. 1. Stonehenge Culture/Religion: Druids Stonehenge is an ancient stone circle located in Wiltshire, England. Built between 3000 and 2000 BCE, it has long been a site of spiritual and ceremonial significance. Although the exact purpose of Stonehenge remains a mystery, it is believed

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10 Magical Thinking Examples

Magical Thinking Examples 1. Wishing on a Star Many people believe that making a wish upon a star can make their desires come true. This stems from the idea that the universe is responsive to individual thoughts and wishes. The act of wishing can provide comfort and hope, encouraging a person to maintain a positive

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Social-Emotional Learning (Definition, Examples, Pros & Cons)

Social-Emotional Learning (SEL) is an educational method that integrates the development of social and emotional skills into school curricula. It is sometimes called “socio-emotional learning,” “social and emotional learning,” or “social–emotional literacy” (Denham & Brown, 2010). This approach treats social and emotional skills with the same level of importance as academic subjects like math, science,

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What is Educational Psychology?

Definition of Educational Psychology Educational psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on how people learn and the best practices to teach them. This field involves understanding the methods and techniques to optimize learning in various educational settings, ranging from traditional classrooms to online learning environments. Educational psychologists study the interactions between learning and

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What is IQ? (Intelligence Quotient)

IQ, or intelligence quotient, is a score derived from standardized tests designed to measure human intelligence. The concept of IQ was developed to assess cognitive abilities and predict educational performance and job success. An IQ test typically evaluates various types of cognitive abilities including problem-solving, logical reasoning, memory, and comprehension (Kaufman, 2009; Ritchie, 2015). One

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